Oncologic Surgery is a very big subject, stay with me on this and let’s clarify the term oncology and the specialties within this field. Oncology[i] is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer.
[i] ASCO Cancer.net. Types of Oncologists. https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/types-oncologists
The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.
Other types of oncologists include the following:
When it is determined cancer may be present, further tests may include:
- CT Scan
An x-ray machine linked to a computer takes a series of detailed pictures of your organs. You may receive a dye or other contrast material to highlight areas inside the body. Contrast material helps make these pictures easier to read.
- Nuclear scan
For this scan, you receive an injection of a small amount of radioactive material, which is sometimes called a tracer. It flows through your bloodstream and collects in certain bones or organs. A machine called a scanner detects and measures the radioactivity. The scanner creates pictures of bones or organs on a computer screen or on film. Your body gets rid of the radioactive substance quickly. This type of scan may also be called radionuclide scan.
An ultrasound device sends out sound waves that people cannot hear. The waves bounce off tissues inside your body like an echo. A computer uses these echoes to create a picture of areas inside your body. This picture is called a sonogram.
A strong magnet linked to a computer is used to make detailed pictures of areas in your body. Your doctor can view these pictures on a monitor and print them on film.
- PET scan
For this scan, you receive an injection of a tracer. Then, a machine makes 3-D pictures that show where the tracer collects in the body. These scans show how organs and tissues are working.
X-rays use low doses of radiation to create pictures of the inside of your body.
- With a needle: The doctor uses a needle to withdraw tissue or fluid.
- With an endoscope: The doctor looks at areas inside the body using a thin, lighted tube called an endoscope. The scope is inserted through a natural opening, such as the mouth. Then, the doctor uses a special tool to remove tissue or cells through the tube.
- With surgery: Surgery may be excisional or incisional.
- In an excisional biopsy, the surgeon removes the entire tumour. Often some of the normal tissue around the tumour also is removed.
- In an incisional biopsy, the surgeon removes just part of the tumour.
What Are the Different Types of Surgery Used in Cancer Treatment?
Some surgeries are used in combination with other types of treatment. Types [i] of surgeries include:
[i] Stanford Health Care. Types of Surgery for Cancer. https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-treatments/c/cancer-surgery/types.html
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